The encoding of the data allows for georeference and geographical analysis for different time spans and classified for punishments. However the data is by no means exhaustive or complete and reflects mostly the already known and published material. This means that well researched periods and regions are better represented in the visualisation than other periods or regions. Therefore conclusions can only be drawn from this with some precautions in mind.

P = Pranger (pillory)
S = Schandsteine (stones of shame)
V = Stadtverweis (banishment)
U = Urfehde (oath of peace)
A = Andere Strafen (other punishments)

The following maps are taken from: Künssberg, Eberhard von (1926): Rechtssprachgeographie, Heidelberg (Sitzungsberichte der Heidelberger Akademie der Wissenschaften, Philosophisch-Historische Klasse, Bd. 27,1). (Source: Heidelberger Akademie der Wissenschaften)

Pranger (pillory):

kak/schreiat (pillory):

staupe (pillory):

Halseisen (iron collar):

Steintragen (carrying the stone of shame):



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